“Make sure you wear your helmet!” Many remember their mother reciting this rule before a bicycle ride during their childhood. In 1987, California became the first state to require children to wear helmets, though at the time it was only required for children under the age of 5. In the past 30 years, many states and counties have taken California’s cue. “At present, 21 states, and the District of Columbia, have state-wide laws, and more than 201 localities have local ordinances [requiring helmet use].”
While Ohio does not have a state law mandating helmet use, 24 Ohio cities have passed bicycle helmet laws. At a meeting 7:00pm meeting tonight, Grandview Heights City Council’s safety committee is discussing whether the city should become the 25th city. Specifically, Council members will be discussing legislation introduced by Council President Greta Kearns on June 5. The proposed law states that, “children and teens caught riding without a helmet would be warned [on their first offense], but only if their parents can show proof of helmet ownership.” Further offenses would include fines and charges.
In the United States each year, 218,000 children are treated in the Emergency Room for bicycle-related injuries. In Ohio alone, that number is 6,200 children, while 1 in 6 of those children are treated for a traumatic brain injury. The thought of this law and bicycle laws in general, is that, in time, helmets will become a childhood norm. If so, doctors say it can reduce the risk of a traumatic brain injury by as much as 88 percent.